Understanding Accessibility: The best guide to user-friendly web design in 2024

Understanding Accessibility

In today’s digital world, the experience a user has on a website is crucial. This experience can be influenced by many factors.

Some, like the user’s internet connection, are beyond the control of the designer. However, most depend on the website’s design and interface. People have different needs when using screen technology.

As a result, making sure everyone can use a website easily should be a key part of designing websites.

Understanding Accessibility” focuses on this essential aspect, guiding designers to create websites that are welcoming and usable for all.

What is Understanding Accessibility?

Understanding Accessibility” is a vital resource in the world of web design. It centers on a key idea: making websites easy for everyone to use.

This means paying attention to details like color, typography, animations, and images. These elements should follow certain rules so that everyone can understand the information.

The website helps designers learn about different ways people, including those with disabilities, use the web. The goal? To help you create better online experiences for everyone.

Understanding Accessibility: Free Tool For Web Design

Accessibility should be at the core of web design. Understanding Accessibility aims to show you how.

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How To Use Understanding Accessibility

understanding accessibility website

Created by experts, including Alaïs de Saint Louvant and teams from Studio Lutalica and Lattimore + Friends, “Understanding Accessibility” addresses a pressing need.

Many websites fail to meet basic accessibility standards. The creators observed that sharing key principles could solve many of these problems.

This website is a tool for web designers to learn essential accessibility basics. It’s designed to empower your design work, helping you make a bigger impact through your creations.

Key Features

The key features of “Understanding Accessibility” include:

  • Comprehensive Guides on Web Accessibility
  • Easy-to-Follow Tutorials
  • Practical Tips and Strategies
  • Real-World Examples and Case Studies

These features are designed to provide a thorough understanding of accessibility in web design, helping you to create more inclusive and user-friendly websites.

1. Colours

understanding accessibility colours

In the realm of web design, color plays a pivotal role in accessibility. It’s the cornerstone for creating an inclusive digital experience.

Many users, particularly those with visual impairments, face challenges with color contrast when browsing online.

Understanding how various disabilities affect color perception is crucial. As a designer, grasping this concept enables you to craft websites that are not only visually appealing but also accessible to a broader audience.

Emphasizing the right color contrasts ensures that your designs are not just seen, but experienced meaningfully by everyone.

2. Typefaces

understanding accessibility typefaces

The choice of typefaces is a key factor in enhancing web accessibility. The style and legibility of your font can significantly impact your audience.

It’s not just about choosing an attractive typeface; it’s about understanding how hierarchy and legibility interplay to support accessibility.

When web typography is chosen with care, they guide users effortlessly through your content, making the experience both enjoyable and accessible.

This thoughtful selection of fonts ensures that your message reaches your audience effectively, regardless of their individual needs.

3. Media

understanding accessibility media

Incorporating media like animations and interactive elements can bring a website to life, making it more engaging. But it’s a delicate balance.

While certain interactions, such as hover effects, can enhance accessibility by providing feedback or additional information, others can be disruptive.

Animations should be used judiciously, considering their impact on users with different needs.

This mindful approach to media ensures that your website captivates without creating barriers, striking the perfect balance between dynamic engagement and accessible design.

4. Layout

understanding accessibility layout

A logical and consistent layout is the backbone of accessible web design. It goes beyond the aesthetics of fonts and colors, focusing on how information is structured and presented.

A well-organized layout aids in navigating a website, making the experience intuitive for all users, regardless of their abilities or the device they use.

Designing with a clear hierarchy and for various screen sizes ensures that your website is not just user-friendly, but inclusively designed for everyone.

It’s about crafting spaces that welcome all users with clarity and ease.

5. Development

understanding accessibility development

Translating beautiful designs into functional websites is a critical skill for successful web designers. Awareness of basic development principles elevates your designs from mere mock-ups to fully-realized digital experiences.

This quick guide is aimed at helping designers smoothly transition from the creative phase to the technical realm of development.

Understanding the nuances of web development empowers designers to create more effective, accessible, and technically sound websites.

It’s about turning visionary designs into practical, user-friendly web experiences. Learn more about UX/UI design in our free guide.


“Understanding Accessibility” is a free resource wesbite. It was created to fill a gap in the web design community, offering the latest guidance and advice.

Pros And Cons


  • Provides comprehensive guides on web accessibility.
  • Offers practical tips and strategies for inclusive design.
  • Includes real-world examples and case studies for better understanding.


  • Might require regular updates to stay in line with evolving web standards.
  • The vast amount of information could be overwhelming for beginners.


What is the meaning of in accessibility?

Accessibility, in its essence, refers to the ease with which something can be used or reached.

When we talk about accessibility in the context of web design, it’s about creating digital spaces that are easily navigable and usable by everyone, regardless of their physical or cognitive abilities.

The opposite, inaccessibility, denotes the lack of this ease, where resources or spaces are not available or are challenging to use for some individuals.

What are the 4 principles of accessibility?

The guiding framework of WCAG 2.0 lays down four foundational principles of accessibility, captured in the acronym POUR. These are:

1. Perceivable: Information and user interface components must be presentable to users in ways they can perceive.
2. Operable: User interface components and navigation must be operable.
3. Understandable: Information and the operation of the user interface must be understandable.
4. Robust: Content must be robust enough to be reliably interpreted by a wide variety of user agents, including assistive technologies.

What are the 5 barriers to accessibility?

Accessibility faces five main barriers, as identified by the Government of Ontario:

1. Attitudinal Barriers: Prejudices or stereotypes that negatively affect disabled individuals.
2. Organizational or Systemic Barriers: Policies, practices, or procedures that disadvantage people with disabilities.
3. Architectural or Physical Barriers: Physical obstacles that prevent access to physical spaces or hinder mobility.
4. Information or Communication Barriers: Hindrances in the sharing and reception of information.
5. Technology Barriers: Technological challenges that impede access or use.

What are accessibility strategies?

An accessibility strategy is a detailed plan laid out by an organization to enhance the accessibility of its website.

This plan includes specific steps and measures to ensure that all users, regardless of their abilities, can access and benefit from the website’s content and functionalities.

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Wrap Up

In summary, understanding and implementing web accessibility is vital for creating inclusive and welcoming digital environments.

The principles of POUR (Perceivable, Operable, Understandable, Robust) offer a solid foundation for this endeavor. However, designers and developers must be mindful of the various barriers to accessibility, which range from attitudinal to technological.

Strategies for overcoming these barriers and understanding accessibility are essential for any organization aiming to make its website truly accessible.

The “Understanding Accessibility” website stands as a valuable resource in the UXUI design journey, offering in-depth guidance and practical advice, despite the challenges of staying current and managing vast information.

Embracing these principles and strategies not only enhances the user experience but also ensures that the digital world is accessible to all.

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